Invert binary tree – iterative method

This problem is famous due to the wellknown twett, by Max Howell.

I can not say it is hard or easy. Here just provide the iterative method as recursive method is really too easy.

In general,  you just need to swap its left and right for each node. It is natural to think it as a pre-order problem.

Source code as this:

 * Definition for a binary tree node.
 * struct TreeNode {
 * int val;
 * TreeNode *left;
 * TreeNode *right;
 * TreeNode(int x) : val(x), left(NULL), right(NULL) {}
 * };
class Solution {
    TreeNode* invertTree(TreeNode* root) {
     //trying to use the pre-order to solve this problem
        stack<TreeNode* > s;
        TreeNode* p = root;
        if(p != nullptr) s.push(p);
            p =;
            if(p->right != nullptr || p->left != nullptr){
                TreeNode* temp = p->right;
                p->right = p->left;
                p->left = temp;
            if(p->right != nullptr) s.push(p->right);
            if(p->left != nullptr) s.push(p->left);
        return root;
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